Course Program and Goals of the week
Module 1 (first week):The recovery of the human past and
the protection of the universal heritage.
We will start our enquiry by
discussing how ancient societies kept memory of their own past, an aspect which,
in fact, was fundamental to their identity. Shifting towards modern times, we
will then reflect how the material past is preserved and how we refer to it.
Homework available since 27 Nov.: Quiz 1
Module 2 : (second week): The birth of archaeology and its role in the contemporary world.
The study of the past of the planet marked the first serious reflections on humankind’s past, although archaeology was in fact considered the practice to collect objects. “New Archaeology” represents the first major revolution, promptly followed by the more structured and aggressive “Processual Archaeology". The opening towards different disciplines implied the “loss of innocence” for archaeology, bringing at the same time scientific methods into the reconstructions of the past.
Homework available since 4 Dic.: Quiz week 2
Module 3 (third week): The fascination of archaeology in its practices and in interpretation
Field archaeology entails discovery,
but is a matter of fact that discovering brings a great responsibility because
it is a process of destruction. Digging means observing, recording,
interpreting. Archaeological excavation
is an harmonious trade-off between an intellectual and a manual labor. In fact,
archaeological interpretation is a path shifting between identity and alterity.
Homework available since 11 Dic.: Quiz week 3
Module 4 (fourth week): Archaeology in research practice
Material remains of the past and their state of recovery vary according also to environments. Surface surveys lead to a more intense knowledge of territories, visualizing archaeologicallandscapes in a variety of ecological situations. The objectives of archaeological research have been moulded in the historical development of the discipline. Historical sources have always been a sourceof inspiration for research, opening new problems. Chronology is a construct depending on dating tools, and scientific methods have been employed in determining an absolute chronology.
Homework available since 18 Dic.: Quiz week 4
Module 5 (fifth week): Contemporary archaeology and public perception
This module focuses on scientific research and knowledge dissemination.The specificities of the past pose a problem in respect of popularization and simplification. The operational chain is made of exploration, dig, publication, conservation, dissemination, protection. However, the need for a legitimacy of the present has led also to political readings of the retrieval of the past. Present cultural identity is grounded in the retrieved past. The “past of the other” has often been refused throughout history down to modern times. Our perception of the past is made manifest in its material and virtual reconstruction starting from ruins. Further, “excessive exploitation” of the past represent a modern destruction. The archaeological excavation of Ebla (Syria) will be analyzed as case study. It is in fact an example of a research framed within historical archaeology, which, in the course of fifty years of research, turned into a global perspective.
Homework available since 25 Dic.: Quiz week 5
Module 6 (six week): Digitizing Cultural Objects and 3D virtual reconstruction
In this module, Emanuel Demetrescu will explain us the last methodologies and techniques in the field of 3D acquisition and reconstruction of cultural heriatage. These applications improve the knowledge and preservation and have a central role in the way we can communicate cultural heritage to the society. Making digital copies from real objects now has several very fun and precise technologies that are also available to everybody at very low cost budget. Demetrescu will show us how to use these tools to make our own models and share them with others. The virtual reconstruction of no-more-exstant objects (like a lost temple) will be the argument of the last part of the module: a state of the art of the methodologies will help us to understand how to approach such a process from a scientific point of view (archaeological method).
Homework available since 1 Jan.: Quiz week 6
Module 7 (seventh week): Sharing Digital Cultural Objects over the Internet
Homework available since 8 Jan.: Quiz week 7
Module 8 (eight week): The past as a universal heritage of
This module deals with some basic issues and principles. All heritages are “equal among them”. Heritages are a property of humankind and not of the single countries. Heritages need to be protected and preserved in their context. But many threats are posed to heritages: illegal digging is a serious risk, as well as actions due to hatred for the “other” and his heritage. As a consequence of what stated above, damages to heritage are a crime against all humankind. International Organizations are engaged in protecting the heritage, the future of which represents a contribution to dialogue and peace.
Homework available since 15 Jan.: Quiz week 8
Coursera est une entreprise numérique proposant des formation en ligne ouverte à tous fondée par les professeurs d'informatique Andrew Ng et Daphne Koller de l'université Stanford, située à Mountain View, Californie.
Ce qui la différencie le plus des autres plateformes MOOC, c'est qu'elle travaille qu'avec les meilleures universités et organisations mondiales et diffuse leurs contenus sur le web.