About the content
Armed conflicts have always existed around the world. Unfortunately, recent events have shown that this phenomenon is becoming increasingly complex, especially with respect to some legal issues, such as:
- The definition of combatants when terrorists are involved in the hostilities.
- The detention by rebels of State armed forces.
- The involvement and status of UN peacekeepers in armed conflicts.
This course will help you understand these complex legal issues by teaching you the norms governing armed conflicts, also known as ‘International Humanitarian Law’ (‘IHL’). We will address these issues in light of recent practice, including the fight against ISIS and Al-Qaeda in different regions of the world, as well as other recent and older conflicts, such as those in Armenia, Afghanistan, Libya, Mali, and the Israeli-Palestinian one.
The course will provide essential theoretical and practical knowledge for students, researchers and academics who wish to specialize in International Humanitarian Law as well as professionals, including members of NGOs, involved in armed conflict situations, or even members of armed forces.
In this course, you can choose between an audit (free) track and a verified track ($150 fee).
The audit track
- Proposes a general approach to International Humanitarian Law (it’s a master level law course so learners with poor knowledge on this subject may have to work harder to understand the materials).
- Assesses your mastery of the relevant concepts through multiple choice questions that avoid complex and controversial issues.
- Implies a workload of about 4-7 hours/chapter
The verified track
- Offers a deeper and more complex learning experience: detailed considerations and developments on controversial issues, additional videos and readings.
- Assesses your mastery of complex and controversial issues through more complex MCQ, case studies and peer review assignments.
- Offers a staff graded final exam.
- Implies a workload of about 8-12 hours/chapter.
- Delivers a verified certificate (in case of passing final grade) and allows you to pursue the International Law MicroMasters credentials.
- Decode and analyze in depth complex issues related to armed conflicts
- Understand the philosophy and logic underlying International Humanitarian Law norms
- Be able to propose constructive solutions in light of the evolution of the nature of armed conflicts and the legal norms applicable to them
- Knowledge of the fundamentals of International Law (subjects and sources of International Law/principles governing international responsibility). Such knowledge may be acquired by the successful completion of International law.
- In addition, students should be familiar with the requirements of graduate-level courses and should preferably have already followed some law courses in order to be familiar with legal concepts and legal language.
Introductory remarks about International Humanitarian Law, including the relationships between law and armed conflicts, a brief history of that Law and its relations with other branches of International Law.
Week 2: Sources and subjects
Analysis of the sources (treaty, custom and jus cogens) as well as subjects (States, international organizations and armed groups) of International Humanitarian Law.
Week 3: Scope of application
Qualification of situations of violence as armed conflicts and analysis of the temporal and geographical scope of application of International Humanitarian Law.
Week 4: Conduct of hostilities
Analysis of the norms regulating the conduct of hostilities, including the prohibitions to target persons and objects, the prohibitions to use weapons and methods of warfare and the obligation of precaution.
Week 5: Protection of persons
Analysis of the norms regulating the protection of persons in time of war, notably the wounded and sick people, the captured combatants and the civilians, including in time of occupation.
Week 6: State responsibility
Introductory remarks on the implementation means of International Humanitarian Law and analysis of State responsibility mechanisms in case of violations of that Law.
Week 7: Individual responsibility
Analysis of the national/international/hybrid mechanisms for the punishing of individuals responsible of war crimes.
Raphaël Van Steenberghe
Professor at the International Law Centre
Université catholique de Louvain
Jerôme de Hemptinne
Professor, International Humanitarian Law
Université catholique de Louvain
The creation of Universities as an institution was one of the best things to come out of the Middle Ages. The institution's commitment to extending the boundaries of human knowledge, transmitting this knowledge, and thereby increasing the humanity of the human race has kept it at the forefront of civilization in the 21st century. The Université catholique de Louvain has played a part in this process with pride since 1425.
But above all, UCL's mission to be a great European university is directed towards the future. It takes in teachers, researchers and students from far and wide and the need for strict quality control has never been higher. The internationalization of tertiary education brings new challenges. Inspired by a long history of welcoming others, the university campuses are developing into living communities.
UCL is a microcosm of the world it serves. It is a centre of knowledge and innovation, a place of cultural celebration and invention, of achievement and extending the limits of human accomplishment.
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